The Textile Conservation Studio was established in 1999. The textile conservator has responsibility for the care of the museum’s textile collections which include archaeological fragments, Egyptian mummies, tapestries, carpets, costume and embroideries. 

The treatment and mounting of textiles required for display in temporary or permanent exhibitions forms the bulk of the interventive conservation work carried out by the textile conservator. Preventive conservation work includes the improvement of storage of the textile collections to make them more easily accessible for study and safe handling. Storage materials are upgraded to ensure they are inert and provide support for the textile. 

The implementation of the Ashmolean's Integrated Pest Management scheme is another important aspect of preventive conservation for the textile collections as infestations of the clothes moth and carpet beetle can cause extensive damage. 

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